The West Bengal Correctional Services Act has laid out the functions of a Correctional Home in Sec 4 of the Act which demands that there is not only the need of a high degree of professional skills in a Correctional Officer but greater sensitivity and awareness of specific behaviors, variety specific issues that may arise in a Correctional Administration. The Staff of the Correctional Homes are not only supposed to act as Law Enforcement Officers but also act as social reformers – a duty of not only keeping the prisoners in Correctional homes, but also to ensure their incarceration period can become more fruitful and constructive in order to facilitate their reformation and rehabilitation. In order to fulfill these obligations, the West Bengal Institute of Correctional Administration was established vide Jail Department GO No 915-Jails dated 31/7/2009. However, on a request from the Government of India for providing training facilities for the Correctional Officers of the North Eastern States, Government West Bengal declared the Institute as the Regional Institute of Correctional Administration. , vide Government Order No 505-DCA/4M-30/10 dated 19/7/2010 with the objective of catering for the training and Research needs of the Prison Officers of West Bengal and the North Eastern States of the country.
The Regional Institute of Correctional Administration was formally inaugurated by the Minister in Charge Department of Correctional Services and Social Welfare on 27th August, 2010 in the presence of Shri Samar Ghosh, IAS, Addl. Chief Secretary, Home Department, Government of West Bengal and Shri B.D.Sharma, Addl. DGP and IG Correctional Services, West Bengal.